自賞（Shoegaze）是指80年代末90年代初的英倫獨立音樂的一個流派，之所以叫做自賞是源于這些樂隊的一動不動的舞臺表演風格，當這些樂隊在舞臺上表演時只盯著舞臺地板就好比一直盯著自己的鞋子，Shoegazing 即自此而得名。因而有人就把這一類樂隊稱為“自賞派”。當“自賞派”音樂開始為聽眾所接受并傳播之時，“自賞派”進而特指那些聲響吵鬧并且冗長而沉悶；樂器充滿陣陣的失真和密集的回授效果；歌聲和旋律被吉他音響聲墻所淹沒并無法分辨各種樂器之間音色的音樂。這類風格的代表性樂隊有：My Bloody Valentine(血色情書)，Slowdive（慢潛），Medicine(藥)，The Jesus and Mary Chain(耶穌瑪麗鏈)，Ride(駕馭)，Lush(繁茂)，The chapterhouse(分會場),等。“自賞派”在英國流行樂歷史上具有重要地位，“自賞派”那迷人的旋律與巨大的吉他聲墻，以及他們我行我素的個性，吸引著無數忠貞的樂迷的喜愛與懷念，尤其是那些不為時尚所惑的角落里的聽歌者。但是千萬不要以為自賞就僅僅是從視覺角度進行的定義，它之所以代表一種音樂類型是特指這種音樂的純粹聲響。這種音樂往往帶給你的是不可抗拒的喧吵并伴隨著長時間低沉單調的吉他回復、扭曲失真的聲波和一系列吉他回饋的層疊，人聲和旋律消彌于吉他聲墻中，營造出一種你完全分辨不出各種樂器音色的音樂沖擊。大部分的自賞樂隊的音樂都以 My Blood Valentine 樂隊音樂為模板，My Blood Valetine 曾以早期的 EP 和第一張專輯 《Isn’t Anything》 確立了 Shoegazing 的基本音樂模式，其他諸如 Dinosaur Jr., the Jesus & Mary Chain, 和 Cocteau Twins 這些樂隊也對此種音樂有主要影響。后來跟進的樂隊，像大家熟知的 Ride、Lush、ChapterHouse 和 the Boo Radleys 都在固有的音樂模式下加入了自己的特色，如 Ride 就加入了 60 年代迷幻樂元素，而 Lush 則結合了介于流行樂和 Cocteau Twins 似的夢幻流行樂（Dream Pop）之間的音樂元素。 沒有一支自賞樂隊是做動態表演的，而且對媒體采訪也不感興趣，正因這些阻止了這些英國樂隊進入重要的美國市場。在這些樂隊占據英國音樂媒體和排行榜達 3 年之久后的 1992 年，經過美國的 Grunge 和英國由 Suede 樂隊始作俑者的 Britpop 這兩次浪潮，自賞樂隊不再被公眾給予關注，有些樂隊（如ChapterHouse、Ride）幾年內便宣告解散，而另外一些樂隊（如 the Boo Radleys 和 Lush）則與時俱進得以延續至今。Shoegazing (also known as shoegaze) is a subgenre of alternative rock that emerged from the United Kingdom in the late 1980s. It lasted there until the mid 1990s, with a critical zenith reached in 1990 and 1991. The British music press—particularly NME and Melody Maker—named this style shoegazing because the musicians in these bands stood relatively still during live performances in a detached, introspective, non-confrontational state, hence the idea that they were gazing at their shoes. The heavy use of effects pedals also contributed to the image of performers looking down at their feet during concerts.The shoegazing sound is typified by significant use of guitar effects, and indistinguishable vocal melodies that blend into the creative noise of the guitars. A general description given to shoegazing and other affiliated bands in London in the early 1990s was The Scene That Celebrates Itself. In the early 1990s, shoegazing groups were pushed aside by the American grunge movement and early Britpop acts such as Suede, forcing the relatively unknown bands to break up or reinvent their style altogether. Recent times have seen a renewed interest in the genre among "nu-gaze" bands.Shoegazing (or shoegaze, originally interchangeable with "dream pop") is a subgenre of indie and alternative rock that emerged in the United Kingdom in the late 1980s. Its sound is characterised by an ethereal mixture of obscured vocals, guitar distortion and effects, feedback, and overwhelming volume. The term "shoegazing" was coined by the British music press to ridicule the stage presence of a wave of neo-psychedelic groups who stood still during live performances in a detached, introspective, non-confrontational state with their heads down. This was because the heavy use of effects pedals meant the performers were often looking down at the readouts on their effects pedals during concerts.Most shoegaze bands drew from the stylistic template set by My Bloody Valentine on their early EPs and 1988 debut Isn't Anything. A loose label given to the shoegazing scene and other affiliated bands in London in the early 1990s was The Scene That Celebrates Itself. In the early 1990s, shoegazing groups were pushed aside by the American grunge movement and early Britpop acts such as Suede, forcing the relatively unknown bands to break up or reinvent their style altogether. In the 2000s, there was renewed interest in the genre among "nu gaze" bands.Shoegaze combines ethereal, swirling vocals with layers of distorted, bent, flanged guitars, creating a wash of sound where no instrument is distinguishable from another. Most bands drew from the music of My Bloody Valentine as a template for the genre,although co-founder Kevin Shields stated that the band's choice of pedals never included chorus, flanger or delay effects.